安装漂亮的命令行,Oh My ZSH!

2020年2月18日15:38:00 发表评论 134 次浏览

首先我很喜欢这个命名,独特又直接,总之很喜欢...
Oh My ZSH!是一款美化zsh的插件,安装后shell会变得很漂亮,由于官网经常被墙,于是我写了个这个教程,避免脚本远程无法下载.
安装漂亮的命令行,Oh My ZSH!
第一步:安装zsh

yum install zsh

第二步:安装oh my zsh
复制以下代码保存为install.sh,然后执行,linux执行sh的方式是 sh install.sh

#!/bin/sh
#
# This script should be run via curl:
#   sh -c "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/ohmyzsh/ohmyzsh/master/tools/install.sh)"
# or wget:
#   sh -c "$(wget -qO- https://raw.githubusercontent.com/ohmyzsh/ohmyzsh/master/tools/install.sh)"
#
# As an alternative, you can first download the install script and run it afterwards:
#   wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/ohmyzsh/ohmyzsh/master/tools/install.sh
#   sh install.sh
#
# You can tweak the install behavior by setting variables when running the script. For
# example, to change the path to the Oh My Zsh repository:
#   ZSH=~/.zsh sh install.sh
#
# Respects the following environment variables:
#   ZSH     - path to the Oh My Zsh repository folder (default: $HOME/.oh-my-zsh)
#   REPO    - name of the GitHub repo to install from (default: ohmyzsh/ohmyzsh)
#   REMOTE  - full remote URL of the git repo to install (default: GitHub via HTTPS)
#   BRANCH  - branch to check out immediately after install (default: master)
#
# Other options:
#   CHSH    - 'no' means the installer will not change the default shell (default: yes)
#   RUNZSH  - 'no' means the installer will not run zsh after the install (default: yes)
#
# You can also pass some arguments to the install script to set some these options:
#   --skip-chsh: has the same behavior as setting CHSH to 'no'
#   --unattended: sets both CHSH and RUNZSH to 'no'
# For example:
#   sh install.sh --unattended
#
set -e
# Default settings
ZSH=${ZSH:-~/.oh-my-zsh}
REPO=${REPO:-ohmyzsh/ohmyzsh}
REMOTE=${REMOTE:-https://github.com/${REPO}.git}
BRANCH=${BRANCH:-master}
# Other options
CHSH=${CHSH:-yes}
RUNZSH=${RUNZSH:-yes}
command_exists() {
command -v "$@" >/dev/null 2>&1
}
error() {
echo ${RED}"Error: $@"${RESET} >&2
}
setup_color() {
# Only use colors if connected to a terminal
if [ -t 1 ]; then
RED=$(printf '\033[31m')
GREEN=$(printf '\033[32m')
YELLOW=$(printf '\033[33m')
BLUE=$(printf '\033[34m')
BOLD=$(printf '\033[1m')
RESET=$(printf '\033[m')
else
RED=""
GREEN=""
YELLOW=""
BLUE=""
BOLD=""
RESET=""
fi
}
setup_ohmyzsh() {
# Prevent the cloned repository from having insecure permissions. Failing to do
# so causes compinit() calls to fail with "command not found: compdef" errors
# for users with insecure umasks (e.g., "002", allowing group writability). Note
# that this will be ignored under Cygwin by default, as Windows ACLs take
# precedence over umasks except for filesystems mounted with option "noacl".
umask g-w,o-w
echo "${BLUE}Cloning Oh My Zsh...${RESET}"
command_exists git || {
error "git is not installed"
exit 1
}
if [ "$OSTYPE" = cygwin ] && git --version | grep -q msysgit; then
error "Windows/MSYS Git is not supported on Cygwin"
error "Make sure the Cygwin git package is installed and is first on the \$PATH"
exit 1
fi
git clone -c core.eol=lf -c core.autocrlf=false \
-c fsck.zeroPaddedFilemode=ignore \
-c fetch.fsck.zeroPaddedFilemode=ignore \
-c receive.fsck.zeroPaddedFilemode=ignore \
--depth=1 --branch "$BRANCH" "$REMOTE" "$ZSH" || {
error "git clone of oh-my-zsh repo failed"
exit 1
}
echo
}
setup_zshrc() {
# Keep most recent old .zshrc at .zshrc.pre-oh-my-zsh, and older ones
# with datestamp of installation that moved them aside, so we never actually
# destroy a user's original zshrc
echo "${BLUE}Looking for an existing zsh config...${RESET}"
# Must use this exact name so uninstall.sh can find it
OLD_ZSHRC=~/.zshrc.pre-oh-my-zsh
if [ -f ~/.zshrc ] || [ -h ~/.zshrc ]; then
if [ -e "$OLD_ZSHRC" ]; then
OLD_OLD_ZSHRC="${OLD_ZSHRC}-$(date +%Y-%m-%d_%H-%M-%S)"
if [ -e "$OLD_OLD_ZSHRC" ]; then
error "$OLD_OLD_ZSHRC exists. Can't back up ${OLD_ZSHRC}"
error "re-run the installer again in a couple of seconds"
exit 1
fi
mv "$OLD_ZSHRC" "${OLD_OLD_ZSHRC}"
echo "${YELLOW}Found old ~/.zshrc.pre-oh-my-zsh." \
"${GREEN}Backing up to ${OLD_OLD_ZSHRC}${RESET}"
fi
echo "${YELLOW}Found ~/.zshrc.${RESET} ${GREEN}Backing up to ${OLD_ZSHRC}${RESET}"
mv ~/.zshrc "$OLD_ZSHRC"
fi
echo "${GREEN}Using the Oh My Zsh template file and adding it to ~/.zshrc.${RESET}"
cp "$ZSH/templates/zshrc.zsh-template" ~/.zshrc
sed "/^export ZSH=/ c\\
export ZSH=\"$ZSH\"
" ~/.zshrc > ~/.zshrc-omztemp
mv -f ~/.zshrc-omztemp ~/.zshrc
echo
}
setup_shell() {
# Skip setup if the user wants or stdin is closed (not running interactively).
if [ $CHSH = no ]; then
return
fi
# If this user's login shell is already "zsh", do not attempt to switch.
if [ "$(basename "$SHELL")" = "zsh" ]; then
return
fi
# If this platform doesn't provide a "chsh" command, bail out.
if ! command_exists chsh; then
cat <<-EOF
I can't change your shell automatically because this system does not have chsh.
${BLUE}Please manually change your default shell to zsh${RESET}
EOF
return
fi
echo "${BLUE}Time to change your default shell to zsh:${RESET}"
# Prompt for user choice on changing the default login shell
printf "${YELLOW}Do you want to change your default shell to zsh? [Y/n]${RESET} "
read opt
case $opt in
y*|Y*|"") echo "Changing the shell..." ;;
n*|N*) echo "Shell change skipped."; return ;;
*) echo "Invalid choice. Shell change skipped."; return ;;
esac
# Check if we're running on Termux
case "$PREFIX" in
*com.termux*) termux=true; zsh=zsh ;;
*) termux=false ;;
esac
if [ "$termux" != true ]; then
# Test for the right location of the "shells" file
if [ -f /etc/shells ]; then
shells_file=/etc/shells
elif [ -f /usr/share/defaults/etc/shells ]; then # Solus OS
shells_file=/usr/share/defaults/etc/shells
else
error "could not find /etc/shells file. Change your default shell manually."
return
fi
# Get the path to the right zsh binary
# 1. Use the most preceding one based on $PATH, then check that it's in the shells file
# 2. If that fails, get a zsh path from the shells file, then check it actually exists
if ! zsh=$(which zsh) || ! grep -qx "$zsh" "$shells_file"; then
if ! zsh=$(grep '^/.*/zsh$' "$shells_file" | tail -1) || [ ! -f "$zsh" ]; then
error "no zsh binary found or not present in '$shells_file'"
error "change your default shell manually."
return
fi
fi
fi
# We're going to change the default shell, so back up the current one
if [ -n "$SHELL" ]; then
echo $SHELL > ~/.shell.pre-oh-my-zsh
else
grep "^$USER:" /etc/passwd | awk -F: '{print $7}' > ~/.shell.pre-oh-my-zsh
fi
# Actually change the default shell to zsh
if ! chsh -s "$zsh"; then
error "chsh command unsuccessful. Change your default shell manually."
else
export SHELL="$zsh"
echo "${GREEN}Shell successfully changed to '$zsh'.${RESET}"
fi
echo
}
main() {
# Run as unattended if stdin is closed
if [ ! -t 0 ]; then
RUNZSH=no
CHSH=no
fi
# Parse arguments
while [ $# -gt 0 ]; do
case $1 in
--unattended) RUNZSH=no; CHSH=no ;;
--skip-chsh) CHSH=no ;;
esac
shift
done
setup_color
if ! command_exists zsh; then
echo "${YELLOW}Zsh is not installed.${RESET} Please install zsh first."
exit 1
fi
if [ -d "$ZSH" ]; then
cat <<-EOF
${YELLOW}You already have Oh My Zsh installed.${RESET}
You'll need to remove '$ZSH' if you want to reinstall.
EOF
exit 1
fi
setup_ohmyzsh
setup_zshrc
setup_shell
printf "$GREEN"
cat <<-'EOF'
__                                     __
____  / /_     ____ ___  __  __   ____  _____/ /_
/ __ \/ __ \   / __ `__ \/ / / /  /_  / / ___/ __ \
/ /_/ / / / /  / / / / / / /_/ /    / /_(__  ) / / /
\____/_/ /_/  /_/ /_/ /_/\__, /    /___/____/_/ /_/
/____/                       ....is now installed!
Please look over the ~/.zshrc file to select plugins, themes, and options.
p.s. Follow us on https://twitter.com/ohmyzsh
p.p.s. Get stickers, shirts, and coffee mugs at https://shop.planetargon.com/collections/oh-my-zsh
EOF
printf "$RESET"
if [ $RUNZSH = no ]; then
echo "${YELLOW}Run zsh to try it out.${RESET}"
exit
fi
exec zsh -l
}
main "$@"
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